Indian Dog Breeds are found everywhere in the country, by a village into the busiest streets of Indian cities, the most popular Indian puppy breed is called Pariah Dog, found all over the Continent. Other famous dog breeds of India also include Pandikona, Kaikadi, Indian Spitz, Mahratta Greyhound, Vanjari Hound, and Sinhala Hound.
The most popular Foreign dog breed in India are Labrador, German Shepherd, Boxer, Bulldog, The Pugs, Palmolein, Saint Bernard, Doberman, Dachshund, Mastiff, Great Dane, and Rottweiler.
1. Indian Pariah Dog
Indian Pariah Dogs are one of the oldest in the world, found throughout the Indian subcontinent. The pariah dog breed is a very social dog, extremely alert watchdogs and highly intelligent.
The most primitive and ancient breed of dog known to us that belongs to India is this Indian Pariah. A relative of Dingo, this breed has no trace of genetic tweaking or modification from the human side. Owing to this, they share an appearance with various other primitive pariah-type dogs around the world like the Basenji (Africa), Dingo (Australia), Podengo (Australia), etc.
One of the many sighthound breeds originating in India, this dog is bred by royal families in Chippiparai near Madurai district Tamil Nadu. Primarily used for hunting boar, deer, and hare; it was later kept as a symbol of royalty and dignity.
3. Mudhol/Caravan Hound
This breed is known by various names across different cultures and groups. Known as ‘Karwani’ by village-folk around the Deccan Plateau region, who usually adopt this breed as companions for hunting and guarding. KCI (Kennel Club of India) recognizes this breed as ‘Caravan Hound’ whereas INKC (Indian National Kennel Club) opts for the name ‘Mudhol Hound’. To add to that, the feathered variety of this breed is known as ‘Pashmi’. Talk about one dog – multiple personalities.
4. Rampur Hound
One of the more popular names in the list, the Rampur Greyhound (alternate name) is native to the Rampur region in Northern India, that lies between Delhi and Bareilly. It was a preferred breed by Maharajas of this region to hunt big game and protect against fierce animals like jackals, lions, tigers, leopards, and panthers. The Rampur Hound is known for its endurance as it was built to cover large distances at great speeds.
5. Indian Mastiff
Also known as Bully Kutta, this dog shares origins from both India and Pakistan and is predominantly found in the Punjab region. They are the most common choice for guard dogs but unfortunately, many of these dogs are still bred and nurtured for dogfighting purposes.
This breed is an Indian guard dog developed in the Rajapalayam region in Tamil Nadu. It was believed that they were used to fight against British Cavalry in a few battles. The most prized look is the milky-white coat with a pink nose, although the whiter mutations come with a higher chance of deafness as with all other white coat dog breeds. Lately, they are being used by the Indian army as guards along the Kashmir border.
Another hound from South India, the Kombai (Combai) was bred to hunt boar, bison, and deer since as early as the 9th Century. In comparison with the Rajapalayam, the Kombai has a tan coat with usually a black muzzle. The jaws are wider and much stronger as well. In recent times, this breed is highly endangered and can be found in scarcity in a few regions and a couple of specialized kennels.
Another mastiff-type dog breed, Gaddi was developed in the Himalayan region by a tribe of the same name. Over the years, the Gaddi has become reputed to be a fierce guard dog to protect against leopards and other predators. At the same time, they are revered as intelligent enough to be herding dogs as well. As opposed to the Indian Mastiff, the Gaddi Kutta is not considered to be a fighting dog.
Kanni is a rare indigenous breed of sighthound also bred in Tamil Nadu. They are closely related to the Chippiparai and are said to be descendants of the Saluki. These breeds were built to hunt deer as they are very agile and light on their feet. Usually a silent dog, they are great as guards of their owners and easy to train. However, they act independently when on a hunt as is their disposition. This is one of the rarest breeds on the list, almost on the verge of extinction. Due to the lack of proper specimen available, no proper effort has been taken to revive the Kanni breed.